Robotic Cholecystectomy: Is It Better than Laparoscopic Surgery?

A minimally invasive surgical procedure that is increasingly gaining popularity for the removal of the gallbladder is robotic cholecystectomy, also known as robot-assisted cholecystectomy. 

A cholecystectomy is when your gallbladder is removed from your body. According to recent statistics, 92% of cholecystectomies are performed laparoscopically. In a robotic cholecystectomy, the gallbladder is removed by the surgeon using a robot.

There are several robotic cholecystectomy systems. One of the most widely used of them is the da Vinci surgical system.

About Robotic Cholecystectomy

An automated device is used by a surgeon during a robotic cholecystectomy to remove your gallbladder. This advanced technology has seen continuous improvements, with newer robotic systems incorporating artificial intelligence for enhanced precision and decision-making during surgery.

The procedure involves making a single incision in the abdomen to accommodate the camera and other surgical equipment. A screen displays everything within the abdomen using a live feed from the camera.

The surgeon controls the robotic arms performing the surgery while viewing the whole procedure through a device that resembles a microscope. This innovative method not only offers real-time visualization but also enables the surgeon to manipulate the robotic arms with unprecedented dexterity.

The procedure could take 45 minutes to an hour, depending on the technique.

Is Robotic Surgery Better than Laparoscopic Surgery?

This depends on the individual cases. The continuous evolution of robotic technology, particularly in terms of enhancing visibility and navigation, contributes to the ongoing debate on its superiority compared to traditional laparoscopic surgery. While advancements are promising, careful consideration of patient-specific factors, cost, and availability of resources are crucial in determining the most suitable approach. The cutting-edge technology has its own set of drawbacks.

How Long Does It Take to Perform a Robotic Cholecystectomy?

The duration of the surgery depends on the complexity of the surgery and also the expertise of the surgeon. On average, Robotic Cholecystectomy procedures often take 45 minutes to an hour or longer. Recent advancements in robotic technology have led to improved efficiency, potentially reducing surgical times and enhancing overall patient outcomes.

How Long Does It Take to Heal From Robotic Surgery?

Patients recovering from robotically assisted gallbladder surgery typically require up to three weeks to recuperate. The postoperative care regimen continues to evolve, with rehabilitation programs focusing on optimizing recovery and minimizing any potential complications associated with robotic surgery.


Robotic Cholecystectomy is a minimally invasive surgery with relatively fewer consequences. Robotic systems showcase the dynamic nature of surgical advancements, emphasizing the need for continuous improvement and patient-centricity.

Robotic Cholecystectomy results in a shorter hospital stay and numerous studies show that it has fewer postoperative problems. However, it also has a few drawbacks, such as a chance of bile duct damage, the absence of tactile input, high equipment costs, the need for training, and longer procedure times.

As the field of robotic surgery develops further, ongoing research and technological innovations will likely address current drawbacks, further solidifying robotic cholecystectomy as a forefront option in modern surgical practices.